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Myths About Sugar busted.

MYTH 1: Some types of sugar are better for you than others

FACT: All “types” of sugar have the same effect on your body.

Brown sugar, white sugar, honey… they are all ultimately broken down into the same thing: glucose.

MYTH 2: Sugar makes kids hyperactive

FACT: There’s no such thing as a sugar high.

Various scientific studies over the years have determined in fact there is zero direct connection between eating sugar and hyperactivity.

A definitive research paper published by Dr. Mark Wolraich, chief of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics at Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, concluded that “sugar does not appear to affect behavior in children.”

MYTH 3: Sugar is as addictive as hard drugs

FACT: There is no conclusive evidence that sugar is addictive.

There are multiple conflicting studies concerning the subject of sugar addiction. One French study published in 2013 using rats which links cravings for sweets with the “reward” center of our brains that are induced by addictive drugs. The study concluded that sugar can be even more addictive than cocaine.

But other doctors and researchers contest that study’s findings, stating that you only see addiction-like behaviour in rodents when the animals are restricted to eating sugar for a certain time frame each day. When the test subjects are allowed to eat sugar whenever they want — like humans — the addictive properties vanish.

MYTH 4: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes

FACT: Both types of diabetes are caused by a mix of genetics and environmental factors, but a sugary diet cannot directly cause it (alone).

You are more likely to develop diabetes if you are overweight or obese, because extra fat can lead to insulin resistance, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Diseases. This makes a diet heavy in sugar an indirect, rather than a direct cause of type 2 diabetes.

MYTH 5: Artificial sweeteners are better for you than sugar

FACT: Some artificial sweeteners can be just as harmful to your body as sugar.

Although artificial sweeteners like Stevia, Truvia, and aspartame (as found in diet sodas) have fewer calories than their sugary counterparts, research shows that participants who drink diet soda are twice as likely to be obese than those who do not.

MYTH 6: Sugar causes cavities

FACT: Cavities are actually caused by acidic foods and drinks that wear away the enamel on your teeth. said. ” The most cavity-causing food is crackers and breads, not lollies. When you eat something with sugar, bacteria that naturally reside in your mouth consume this sugar as well. Bacteria’s waste product is acid, so after they have a meal, they excrete acid….Acid decalcifies or demineralizes tooth enamel by taking away its structure, creating decay.”

MYTH 7: You should eliminate all sugar from your diet

FACT: Humans need glucose to survive.

Of course, having too much sugar will lead to the problems like weight gain and long term health problems. But, glucose is essential to our body.

But this perspective is heavily contested in the medical community. A 2015 research widely-distributed paper from Dr. Robert Lustig — who famously has spent his career debunking the “fat is evil” myth — concluded from a series of studies that “sugar is toxic” in any form, regardless of calories or weight.

That said, eliminating all sugar from your diet would be almost impossible. Fruit, potatoes, and other starchy foods all have high glycemic indexes, so you’d have to eliminate all of them before your sugar intake was whittled down to nothing.

MYTH 8: Sugar is the root of all of your health problems

FACT: Sugar is rarely the only reason behind obesity and heart disease.

There’s no doubt that sugar is a contributing factor to obesity. But it isn’t the only thing to consider when trying to lead a healthy lifestyle.

“Sugary foods happen to have lots of calories, and are usually heavily processed. It’s simple — if you eat a lot of calories, you’ll gain weight and become unhealthy.”